Here it is, although I’m surprised to find out it’s not available from Android 10 onwards.
However, this doesn’t invalidate my point. In fact one could argue this is a smart move to cut the middle man and allow Apple to sell data directly. They may not do it, but now they have this advantage should they choose to.
But conspiracies aside, there’s actually one paragraph in this article you linked here that illustrates my point nicely:
“Right now opt-in rates to share data with apps when they’re not in use are often below 50%, said Benoit Grouchko, who runs the ad tech business Teemo that creates software for apps to collect location data. Three years ago those opt-in rates were closer to 100%, he said. Higher opt-in rates prevailed when people weren’t aware that they even had a choice. Once installed on a phone, many apps would automatically start sharing a person’s location data.”
You see, the reason I mentioned “they are the same” is because even if Google didn’t provide full-encryption in their phones: it wouldn’t matter, because people don’t know about it and won’t use it anyway. Same issue as with Whatsapp as per my previous post, and precisely one of the main criticisms towards Telegram (which doesn’t enable E2E by default).